In 2019, we have probably heard the word Ransomware a lot the more than ever.
What is ransomware?
In ransomware, the victim’s data is locked through the person sitting behind another computer may be far away, on one corner of the world, who is trying to or has already tried to lock and steal the information on your computer. This happens by encrypting the data. Once the victim pays the ransom, he will get his data back and information decrypted.
It is just another cyber-crime done on a significant level which has affected many people in 2018. A report says in 2017, ransomware damage done was worth $5 billion. Whereas, the damage costs connected with ransomware attacks is to reach $11.5 billion annually by 2019. (Reported by Cyber Security Ventures)
How it works:
A criminal can reach your computer and data through an e-mail containing a virus or a ‘simple click’ that you might find appealing. Once you click on the screen/ option given to you in an e-mail, all your data will be locked, and it won’t decrypt unless and until the ransomware is paid through the internet to the desired address.
Ways it can get to your computer
Not just malicious e-mails, but a particular type of software that you download may also contain this virus-like disease having the potential to freeze all your data.
- Reaching several websites that are unknown may result in this too.
- Infected external storages.
- Infected software apps.
- Through exploit kits.
Certain unknown emails are asking you to click or open something that might take you to another source or a webpage containing the virus and as a result, blocking your screen and data.
What to do once it gets to you?
The first thing you should consider is NOT paying the ransom instead of working out another way.
- Call a profession in this case and seek help.
If you’ve been targeted at a business or company level, take some time out to discuss with other employees and look for better ways. Because paying the ransom doesn’t necessarily mean that your data will be fully decrypted. You’ll end up losing money as well as some of your data.
Keep your operating systems and software updated beforehand.
- Do NOT open an additional link in your mailbox.
If you think you don’t have to worry about ransomware, you ought to consider backing up your data. All your data needs another place or even a new hard-disk home to be safe just-in-case.
Norton is a security software that helps you protect your data from ransomware. It’s always looking out for new variants. This remains as one of the most convenient and useful ways to help protect your data other than backing it up.